exit MS Windows

### A Setup for MS Windows

1. Establish a directory, say, ‘c:\tex4ht’.

2. Download the file tex4ht.zip into the directory tex4ht.dir and unzip it.

Update the Pointers in the Environment File

3. Replace in c:\tex4ht\texmf\tex4ht\base\win32\tex4ht.env the lines starting with the character ‘t’, with alternative lines which state what directories should be searched for the tfm files of TeX and LaTeX. The directory names must be preceded with the character ‘t’ at the first column. If their subdirectories are also to be searched, the names should be appended with the character ‘!’.

Note that long file names on MS Windows, and file names with spaces, might have short space-free aliases. For instance, a directory name ‘c:\progra~1\texmf’ instead of ‘c:\program files\texmf’. The alternative names can be checked by issuing the ‘dir’ command in a DOS session.

4. If needed, adjust the paths in the ‘i’ records of tex4ht.env. These records are used for searching htf fonts, and they are similar to the ‘t’ records.

Update the Bitmap Generating Scripts

5. The file tex4ht.env contains the following default script, of calls to system utilities for translating dvi pictures into png.
Gif exist zz%%4.ps DEL zz%%4.ps >nul
Gif exist %%3 DEL %%3 >nul
Gdvips -E -Ppdf -mode ibmvga -D 110 -f %%1 -pp %%2 > zz%%4.ps
Gconvert zz%%4.ps -trim +repage -density 110x110 -transparent "#FFFFFF" %%3
Gif exist zz%%4.ps DEL zz%%4.ps >nul

You may replace this script with an alternative sequence of system calls. In such a case, place one command per line, and mark each of these lines with the character ‘G’ at the first column. The literate version tex4ht-env.tex of tex4ht.env offers a few suggestions.

The entry %%1 is a parameter referring to a dvi file, the %%2 is a parameter indicating a page number, the %%3 is a parameter standing for an output file name, and %%4 is a parameter providing the jobname.

The dvips utility translates dvi files into postscript. The convert utility, provided within the distribution of ImageMagick, translates postscript files into png.

The script employs the Metafont mode ‘ibmvga’ of resolution ‘110’; the available modes are listed in file modes.mf of Metafont.

Use the option ‘-crop 0x0 +page’ or ‘-crop 0x0 +repage’ instead of ‘-trim’ for old convert utilities that do not recognize the latter argument.

6. Instead of employing the G scripts, glyphs can rely on specialized F scripts of similar nature for creating pngs.

7. The bitmap formats can be controlled by a ‘g’ record of tex4ht.env, a ‘-g’ switch of tex4ht.c, and a -LGTYP switch in the compilation of tex4ht.c. The default setting assumes the ‘png’ format.

Update the Other Scripts in the Environment File

8. If needed, replace the scripts ‘Mmove %%1 %%2%%3’, and ‘Ccopy %%1 %%2%%3’ in tex4ht.env with alternative scripts for moving and copying files. The parameter %%1 stands for the source file(s), the parameter %%2 provides the target directory name, and the parameter %%3 refers to the target file name(s).

9. If applicable, replace the scripts ‘Achmod %%1 %%2%%3’ in tex4ht.env with an alternative script for changing the access mode of files. The parameter %%1 stands for access mode, the parameter %%2 refers to a directory name, and the parameter %%3 refers to the file(s).

10. Postprocessing of files can be requested with ‘.’ scripts. The files are selected by their extension names, as listed following the period symbols. The parameter ‘%%1’ provides the file names, and the parameter ‘%%0’ provides the jobnames.

The environment file tex4ht.env offers the following draft of a dot script for validating output of compilations.

<validate>
.xml xmllint --noout --valid %%1.xml
.html xmllint --noout --valid %%1.html
.css mycssparser %%1.css
</validate>

The dot script may be activated in the following manner.

1. Fix the paths in the first two records.

3. Remove the leading space characters from the above record.

11. Postprocessing of files can also be requested with ‘X’ scripts. The file names are accessed through the parameter ‘%%1’, and their extensions through the parameter ‘%%2’.

Set the Script Files

12. If you use a command different than ‘latex’ for compiling LaTeX source files, replace the references to latex in c:\tex4ht\bin\win32\*.bat with the appropriate command name. The tex and texi commands require similar attention.

Make the System Globally Known

14. Place the files ‘tex4ht.sty’ and ‘*.4ht’ of c:\texmf\tex\generic\tex4ht\ within the LaTeX/TeX tree (either by moving the files to a directory which already has sty files, or by modifying the environment variable TEXINPUTS to point also to ‘c:\texmf\tex\generic\tex4ht\’).

15. If your TeX system uses a database to locate files, make sure to refresh it (e.g., select Start -> Programs -> MiKTeX -> Refresh, or run ‘initexmf -u’ from a DOS session, to update MiKTeX).

Didn’t Use ’c:\tex4ht’?

16. If TeX4ht is installed in a directory other than c:\tex4ht, make sure to adjust the related paths in tex4ht.env the .bat files.

17. Some output modes assume Java is also available in the computer in use.

Test the Installation

18. Move testa.tex and testb.tex from c:\tex4ht.dir\temp\ to your work directory
19. Compile ‘testa.tex’ with the command ‘ht latex testa
20. Compile ‘testb.tex’ with the command ‘htlatex testb