[texhax] [linux] De vueltas con los guiones y latex

Uwe Lueck uwe.lueck at web.de
Mon Nov 29 08:19:56 CET 2010

santilistas <listas at gestiong.org>, 27.11.2010 12:15:42:
> Hi all, I am new to this list and almost to Latex, but although I am
> getting my way into it, I can not fix this hyphenation problem for the
> spanish language for the document I have attached.
> Te problem is that if I set a different set of hyphenation min and max
> values, the paragraphs are not justified properly.

It might help in understanding what "not justified properly" means 
to see a one-page sample.

I guess (just guess) that many words stick out into the right-hand 
margin. To confirm the suspection, you might use \sloppy; I guess 
then you have "proper justification", while it still looks terrible. 

In this case I guess that your latex.fmt does not contain Spanish 
hyphenation patterns, or you just missed switching into Spanish 

In the first subcase, you need to initex a new format. I cannot help much 
with this, being out of practice. One way I like is just installing 
TeX Live, then you should have almost all existing hyphenation patterns 
> I have tried a lot of values, but the only ones that work properly are
> \lefthyphenmin=2
> \righthyphenmin=2
> that is to say, the ones set by default for the english language.
> I have also tried changing the font to the latex default one, but it
> still doesn't work.
> What can I do?
> The system I am using has:
> Linux santilinx 2.6.35-23-generic #40-Ubuntu SMP Wed Nov 17 22:15:35
> UTC 2010 i686 GNU/Linux
> pdfTeX 3.1415926-1.40.10-2.2 (TeX Live 2009/Debian)
> kpathsea version 5.0.0
> Copyright 2009 Peter Breitenlohner (eTeX)/Han The Thanh (pdfTeX).
> There is NO warranty.  Redistribution of this software is
> covered by the terms of both the pdfTeX copyright and
> the Lesser GNU General Public License.
> For more information about these matters, see the file
> named COPYING and the pdfTeX source.
> Primary author of pdfTeX: Peter Breitenlohner (eTeX)/Han The Thanh
> (pdfTeX).
> Compiled with libpng 1.2.44; using libpng 1.2.44
> Compiled with zlib; using zlib
> Compiled with poppler version 0.14.2

... well, you seem to run TeX Live, but this is not the set of messages 
I know. There should be a list of all hyphenation patterns included. 
(Well, I still run TeX Live 2007.) -- You might send how this .log 
listing continues, there should be some report about the .fmt 
that was used.

In the second subcase, you need some \setlanguage ... !?
Sorry, I am out of practice with this too ...

Well, let's see if my guess is right and then somebody else might help, 
or you look up language matters yourself in any LaTeX documentation.



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