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**To**:*tex-fonts@math.utah.edu, dcfont-l@dhdurz1.bitnet***Subject**:**What should go into \textfont1?****From**:*Jan Michael Rynning <jmr@nada.kth.se>***Date**: Tue, 7 Jan 92 19:21:29 +0100

(I apologize for sending this to both lists. I'm not on dcfonts-l myself. Maybe I should be.) At the European TeX Meeting in Paris last year Mike Spivak said that it's important to put Latin and Greek math italic letters and certain symbols into the same font, so we can kern them. The experiments I have done recently confirm that this is indeed very important. I have typeset a number of test pages using Linotype Times fonts with Latin and Greek letters. The typesetting TeX normally does with CM fonts is ``sparse''---there's whitespace between most of the glyphs. The typesetting I'm trying to imitate with Times fonts is ``dense''--- the letters are close together and there's little or no whitespace around the operators (in text mode there's no whitespace around the operators; in display mode there's 3mu on each side of the relational operators). Dense math typesetting makes greater demands on spacing than does sparse math typesetting. I shall give two examples of problems I have run into, explain how I solved them (if you have a better solution, please let me know) and what conclusions we may draw from that. Problem 1: There are six letters in the Times fonts which extend so far to the left that they run into the left parenthesis: $(f)$, $(j)$, $(p)$, $(y)$, $(\beta)$, and $(\mu)$. Solution: Increase the left sidebearing of those letters. Side-effect: Pairs of letters like $d\beta$ become separated by whitespace. That really looks bad. Solution: Kern all letters to those six to compensate for the increased side- bearing. Conclusion: Latin and Greek math italic letters should be in the same font, so that we can kern them. Problem 2: About half of the letters require an italic correction, to stop them from running into the superscripts in expressions like $f^0$. I have seen no such problem with the subscripts. Solution: Add enough italic correction to those letters. Side-effect: Expressions like $f(x)$ look strange, because the italic correction generates whitespace between the $f$ and the left parenthesis. Solution: Add a left parenthesis to the font. Add kerning between the letters which require it and the left parenthesis. Make TeX use this left parenthesis rather than the one from \textfont0: \mathcode`\(="41xx. Conclusion: There is more than letters which needs to be in the font, so that we can kern it. Jan Michael Rynning Department of Numerical Analysis Internet: jmr@nada.kth.se and Computing Science UUCP: {uunet,...}!nada.kth.se!jmr Royal Institute of Technology BITNET: jmr@sekth S-100 44 Stockholm Voice: +46-8-7906288 Sweden Fax: +46-8-7900930

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